Products are summed giving a whole score anywhere between 5 (reasonable fulfillment) in order to thirty five (higher fulfillment)

Products are summed giving a whole score anywhere between 5 (reasonable fulfillment) in order to thirty five (higher fulfillment)

Fulfillment With Existence

Life satisfaction (Diener ainsi que al., 1985) “is actually measured toward Fulfillment having Lifetime Scale (SWLS), produced by Diener ainsi que al. (1985) and you will adapted by the Juczynski (1999), which assesses the brand new cognitive element of SWB. The latest SWLS contains five activities rated by a respondent using a beneficial seven-point size, between ‘firmly disagree’ (1) so you can ‘highly agree’ (7). Take to situations include “I’m pleased with the brand new criteria away from my entire life” and you will “To date, I have acquired the significant one thing I want in daily life.” The Shine types of brand new SWLS got found decide to try-retest accuracy (0.86), inner texture-Cronbach’s alpha (0.81), and you can discriminant legitimacy (up 0.50)” (Juczynski, 1999).


The Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale (KADS) (Brooks et al., 2003) “is a commonly used screening test used to identify young people at risk for depression. It is a self-report scale specifically designed to diagnosis and assess the severity of adolescent depression. The KADS consists of six items rated by a respondent using a four-point scale, ranging from ‘hardly ever’ (0) to ‘all of the time’ (3). Validation of the Polish version of KADS in a group of students aged 18–24 years has shown its high reliability and content validity. Confirmatory factor analysis showed the good fit of model to empirical data: SB ? ( 15 ) 2 = , p < 0.001, RMSEA = 0.053, CFI = 0.958, SRMR = 0.029. Factor loading ranged from 0.40 to 0.80. Total score ranged from 0 to 18” (Mojs et al., 2015).


The fresh Thought of Worry Scale (PSS) “is the most popular psychological instrument to have measuring brand new impression of worry (Cohen et al., 1983). Which level was designed to gauge the degree that participants find the life erratic, uncontrollable, and you can overloading. It spends a ten-goods way of measuring the amount to which facts from inside the your lifetime try appraised because stressful. Full level rating are determined of the reverse-scoring certainly worded items and then summing the 10 points. The potential list of values toward total scale get are 0–forty. Stated precision are 0.91 into the college and you can area examples and you can 0.88 within the an example which have early adolescents (Yarcheski and you will Mahon, 1999). The brand new PSS has been used in a selection of options and you will has been shown to help you relate genuinely to lots of emotional solutions, along with anxiety and you will depressive attacks. Brand new Shine sort of the brand new PSS had found try-retest accuracy (0.72), internal surface-Cronbach’s leader (0.86)” (Juczynski and Oginska-Bulik, 2012).

Build Validity

To evaluate for authenticity service, correlations was basically computed involving the RS?14 and fulfillment-with-lives scale SWLS, and additionally into three subscales of one’s depression level KADS along with the Imagined Stress Size (PSS) on test out of young people as well as in the fresh new shot of the group with special requires. Results are shown within the Desk 6.

To start christian connection hesap silme with, sure-enough, lives fulfillment is certainly and you can somewhat of resilience (RS-14) in the students people and you can special need groups. Subsequently, depression and recognized be concerned (PSS) had been negatively and notably coordinated having strength from the teenagers class. Additionally, negative correlations were observed concerning your aspect-of-despair scale KADS (despair, lack of believe, physical weakness, feeling of firmness off lifestyle, fears, and you can committing suicide out-of viewpoint). Finally, anxiety was adversely and you will meagerly coordinated which have resilience on the class with special requires.


Because of the perception regarding strength on the private and you will public creativity of youthfulness, and you can because of the related growing demand for resilience findings in theory and practice, it current study is impelled to report associated recognition statistics using the newest methods of your own Size RS-14 (Wagnild, 2009a) within the Gloss inhabitants out-of teenagers. That it methodological lookup checked out the concept of resilience because of the validating the fresh RS-fourteen having an average people out-of adolescents (old thirteen–17 ages) and you may young adults (years 19–twenty seven ages) and furthermore because of the examining validation in the example of teenagers which have unique need and you will socially maladjusted offenders who are when you look at the instructional, healing, probation locations (old 13–18 many years). This has been devoid of so far, and that this lack provides assistance to own diagnostics in this field in Poland and also in future around the world look about your RS-fourteen (get a hold of Dining table eight).

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